Antioch


Antioch
1) A prosperous trading city on the River Orontes, in the north of the Roman province of Syria, with a substantial and tolerated Jewish population. After the execution of Stephen, Christians arrived from Jerusalem to begin missionary work (Acts 11:19–20). Hellenists from Cyprus and Cyrene admitted Gentiles to the Church without undergoing the rite of circumcision, and Barnabas, himself a Cypriot, was dispatched to control developments. But so far from holding the line, Barnabas introduced Paul (Acts 11:22–6). Their liberal policies brought them under suspicion and in 49 CE Paul and Barnabas met the Jerusalem leaders and (according to Acts) a compromise was thrashed out (Acts 15:1–19); but when Peter later visited Antioch he went back on the agreement and withdrew from sharing a meal with Gentiles (Gal. 2:11–21). Paul soon left Antioch, travelling now without Barnabas, who had supported Peter. After the fall of Jerusalem (70 CE) there is no certain information about the Church in Antioch, but it is a reasonable supposition that the gospel of Matthew was compiled there or nearby. This gospel represents both a recognition of the Jewish roots of the Church, containing much typically Jewish ethical instruction, but also a firm commitment to the Gentile mission. The savage attacks on the Pharisees, especially in ch. 23, suggest that the separation of Matthew's community from the synagogue is fairly recent. The Christian community is having to justify itself against a renascent Judaism. Matthew has the story of the pagan astrologers visiting the infant Jesus (Matt. 2) and at the end (Matt. 28:19) he has the risen Christ authorizing the universal mission. In 107 CE Ignatius of Antioch provides evidence that the Church there had acquired a clear structure with a leadership unified in the person of a presiding bishop.
2) Antioch of Pisidia, on the border of Pamphylia in modern Turkey, was made a colony by the emperor Augustus. It was celebrated for the worship of the Phrygian moon-god, but the Romans suppressed the cult. There was a Jewish group in the city, which Paul and Barnabas visited (Acts 13:14–52; 14:19–21), but an initial welcome was followed by a campaign of persecution and their expulsion.

Dictionary of the Bible.

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  • Antioch — bezeichnet mehrere Orte in den Vereinigten Staaten: Antioch (Covington County, Alabama) Antioch (Pike County, Alabama) Antioch (Cherokee County, Alabama) Antioch (Lauderdale County, Alabama) Antioch (Hot Spring County, Arkansas) Antioch (White… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Antioch — on the Orontes (] The population was estimated by Chrysostom at about 100,000 people at the time of Theodosius I. Between 252 and 300, ten assemblies of the church were held at Antioch and it became the seat of one of the four original… …   Wikipedia

  • ANTIOCH — (Turk. Antakya), city in southern Turkey, on the lower Orontes (Asi) near the Syrian border. Population (2004): 158,400. Part of Syria under the French mandate, it was annexed to Turkey in 1939 along with the district of Alexandretta (iskenderun… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Antioch — Antioch, CA U.S. city in California Population (2000): 90532 Housing Units (2000): 30116 Land area (2000): 26.948185 sq. miles (69.795477 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.631797 sq. miles (1.636347 sq. km) Total area (2000): 27.579982 sq. miles… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Antioch, CA — U.S. city in California Population (2000): 90532 Housing Units (2000): 30116 Land area (2000): 26.948185 sq. miles (69.795477 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.631797 sq. miles (1.636347 sq. km) Total area (2000): 27.579982 sq. miles (71.431824 sq.… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Antioch, IL — U.S. village in Illinois Population (2000): 8788 Housing Units (2000): 3346 Land area (2000): 7.382701 sq. miles (19.121108 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.261965 sq. miles (0.678487 sq. km) Total area (2000): 7.644666 sq. miles (19.799595 sq. km)… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Antioch, OH — U.S. village in Ohio Population (2000): 89 Housing Units (2000): 43 Land area (2000): 0.103579 sq. miles (0.268268 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.103579 sq. miles (0.268268 sq. km) FIPS code:… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Antioch — [an′tē äk΄] 1. capital of ancient Syria (until 64 B.C. ), an early center of Christianity: now, a city in S Turkey: pop. 108,000: Turk. name ANTAKYA 2. city in ancient Pisidia, Asia Minor 3. [after ANTIOCH, Turkey] city in W Calif., on the San… …   English World dictionary

  • Antioch — • Provides information on two places by this name Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Antioch — a city in southern Turkey, also known as Antakya, which was built in 301BC and soon became famous for its buildings and trade. In 64 BC it became the eastern capital of the ↑Roman Empire …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • Antioch — modern Antakya in Turkey, anciently the capital of Syria, founded c.300 B.C.E. by Seleucus I Nictor and named for his father, Antiochus …   Etymology dictionary


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